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Posted 20 October 2014
Category: Building Defects
Owners corporations enter into many agreements not realising the interim relief payment requirements that they may be subject to under the Building and Construction Industry Security of Payments Act 1999 (“the Act”) which do not need to be disclosed in the contract.
The main object of the Act is to provide for those in the construction industry a process where they can seek interim relief and payment of a progress payment without first having to litigate the matter.
Owners corporations should be aware that there will be many instances where they may be subjected to short timetables provided under the Act which cannot be varied, and the failure to comply can have harsh consequences.
There are many services which are caught by the Act, such as:
The procedure under the Act is triggered upon receipt of a payment claim which identifies the work and amount to which it relates.
For a contract entered into prior to 21 April 2014 a payment claim must contain the statement: “This is a claim for payment under the Building & Construction Security of Payments Act 1999”.
For contracts entered into from 21 April 2014, unless the contract is connected with a residential construction contract, a payment claim no longer needs to include that statement.
Also, for contracts entered into from 21 April 2014, a payment claim must be accompanied with a declaration in the prescribed form that all subcontractors have been paid all amounts that have become due and payable.
If the owners corporation wishes to object to making the payment, it has 10 business days to provide a payment schedule as provided under the Act. The Act provides that a “business day” means any date other than:
It is important that a payment schedule include all reasons for withholding payment. Any reasons not included cannot be relied upon in any adjudication of the payment dispute.
One of the consequences of failing to comply is that the claimant is entitled to proceed to take steps, such as obtaining judgement from a court for the interim payment and issue a suspension notice for the works.
If a payment schedule under the Act is provided, the matter can then proceed to adjudication, but once again there are very short time limits for submission, etc.
This is a particularly onerous timetable for owners corporations considering the notice periods for meetings under the Strata Schemes Management Act 1996, and in many instances, urgent decisions and ratification may be required.
For contracts entered into before 21 April 2014 a progress payment becomes due and payable 10 business days after a payment claim is made, or an earlier date set by a contract.
For contracts entered into from 21 April 2014 a progress payment paid by a principal to a head contractor becomes due and payable 15 business days after a payment claim is made, or an earlier date set by a contract.
Claimants are entitled to follow a process to require an amount be retained by the principal contractor, which may include an owners corporation. This could significantly affect cash flow that could affect payment to others. Further, an owners corporation may be required to provide certain information during the adjudication process.
There are numerous consequences and penalties for failing to comply.
Some key points for owners corporations to consider are:
***The information contained in this article is general information only and not legal advice. The currency, accuracy and completeness of this article (and its contents) should be checked by obtaining independent legal advice before you take any action or otherwise rely upon its contents in any way.